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 Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East

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Russia_Thales
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PostSubject: Re: Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East   Fri Nov 05, 2010 3:44 pm

It is simply not logical for Iran to be building nuclear weapons. First, the purpose of the nuclear program: Diversify economy, reduce reliance on gas and oil, and develop medical isotopes (isotopes that help in diagnosis of diseases). A nuclear weapon would defeat the purpose of the program due to its cost. The American nuclear program for instance cost just over 5.5 trillion (if Iran were to spend 100% of its GDP every year, it would take about 20 years to get one). Next, brief background on Iran's economy: Oil sector jumped from 15% to 25% of the GDP from 2002 to 2005, and yet, the production which neared 6 million bpd in 1976 is at about 3.8 million bpd as of 2006. That means Iran is relying MORE on something it produces LESS.
An important historical figure is also helpful. Iran's "Atoms for Peace" program began in 1950 with U.S. support. The support was withdrawn only due to the Iranian Revolution. The, fearing the nation's instability, the U.S. and its allies, decided to cut support. The support never came back, even with the new government, which offered talks and opened its facilities for IAEA inspections. (Meanwhile it attracted over $30 million in foreign investment and became more economically stable) The talks and inspections stopped due to the U.S. distrust. (Yet as of October 2009, no evidence of weapon development was found). Ironically September 25th this year, the U.S. stopped the IAEA from visiting Israel.
To clarify on the sanctions (which the delegate will not go into much detail on): Two main effects were on the energy and aviation industries. Iran was forced to import Caspian oil(could eventually cripple Iran’s energy industry) and could no longer perform maintenance on American aircraft. Did that stop the nuclear program? No, because they do in fact need it and have various times tried to show its peaceful purpose. For that reason Iran believes it has the right and need to continue and the Russian delegation believes it does. Russia has been very successful diversifying its energy industry although its economy still relies 65% on oil. It should not be surprising to delegates to see Russia showing the “Roadmap to Energy” to Iran and Venezuela.
Russian Government decided to offer Iran "The Roadmap to Energy" but of course, Russian agreement with Iran goes beyond that.
Russia did sell arms to Iran however, the country currently suspended the missiles sales, to evaluate whether Iran can safely handle them or not and to comply (under pressure) with U.N. sanctions. The delegate (as well as Russian president and prime minister) is disappointed at Iranian president Ahmadinejad for calling Russian government "sellouts" and threatening to sue the country.
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PostSubject: Re: Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East   Mon Nov 08, 2010 10:14 pm

Delegate of course it would take 20 years to reach a nuclear deterrent like America's... they are one of the permanent members and have had these WMDs for years. Clearly, if a nation will start aquiring nuclear weapons they will start small to not alarm the world... being conspicuous is the last thing Iran would want- even though it already is. Delegate of Russia don't forget the speculation that your country went through after Russia proposed a deal to Iran: Russia to process Iran's low enriched uranium and then send it to France for fabrication, returning it to Iran to power its research reactor which will run out of fuel with out aid like this...
Russia, this deal would have extedned the operational life of Iran's reactor and aided thousands of medical patients... your country was right in being confused as to why Iran refused the deal. Iran doesn't want other nations processing its uranium, they want to store it, enrich it for their own intentions- not for civilian purposes.

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PostSubject: Re: Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East   Tue Nov 09, 2010 5:33 pm

Delegate, as everyone is well aware, a signatory state of the NPT has the right to enrich uranium to be used as fuel for civil nuclear power.
In September 2009, IAEA chief Mohamed ElBaradei said that there was "no credible evidence" about an Iranian weapons attempt. He said: "I do not think based on what we see that Iran has an ongoing nuclear weapons programme."

It is unjust to blame Iran for these actions and put rounds and rounds of sanctions on them when the NPT has flaws. For instance, only allowing the countries to have nuclear weapons have nuclear weapons when the treaty was created, this is wrong. Perhaps inspections of the NPT should be made before Iran will be crippled of its isotopes for medicine, its economy, and its rights.

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PostSubject: Re: Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East   Tue Nov 09, 2010 6:53 pm

Hello fellow delegates;
Out of politeness, my name is Victoria Tellechea-Rotta, and along with Luiza Hoefel, we will be representing the great Russian nation in the Security Council.

Now, to business.
The delegate of Israel stated that:
Quote :
Israel is one of the-if not THE country that feels most threatened in the world.
Delegate, please enlighten the Russian delegation on how your nation seems to be THE most threatened nation in the world when a) your nation has not signed the NPT and when b) today (Nov.9th 2010) Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu "has called on the West to convince Tehran that a military strike against Iran over its controversial nuclear program is a real option" according to an interview given to the Haaretz newspaper and later reported by the RIA Novosti. It seems to be a tad hypocrite for a nation who deeply feels it is the most threatened nation in the world, is the same nation that has not signed the NPT and most likely has a nuclear arsenal. has nuclear arsenal (as proven by the agreements and nuclear missile requests reported in the documents between former Israeli defense minister Shimon Peres and the South African's apartheid government). Pay attention to word choice, delegate. While your nation may feel threatened by Iran's nuclear programme (which the delegation of Russia would like to stress, has so far not been proven to have any other ulterior objectives), your own nation may serve as a threat of same caliber to others.
As per Iran's supposed nuclear arsenal, the delegate of Russia would like to restate NPT's Article III: The IAEA administers international safeguards to verify that non-nuclear weapon States party to the NPT fulfill the non-proliferation commitment they have made, “with a view to preventing diversion of nuclear energy from peaceful uses to nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices”, since it was put to evidence by the delegation of Iran. While Iran is a signatory of the NPT, Iran has not provided the necessary cooperation to permit the Agency to confirm that all nuclear material in Iran is in peaceful activities. More specifically, Iran is not implementing the requirements contained in the relevant resolutions of the Board of Governors and the Security Council, including implementation of the Additional Protocol(exerpt taken from IAEA's report on Iran's nuclear potential in May 2010. Delegate of Iran, while you "reassure the international community that its nuclear program is peaceful; all enriched uranium is being used for energy and civilian research", your nation continues to disrespect the NPT and fails to cooperate with the IAEA. The international community, once again, finds it impossible to feel assured and certain that your nation is dedicated to use its nuclear power towards peaceful means when these violations still occur, especially when Iran rejects the idea of shipping uranium abroad for enrichment in a Russian,Iranian and French settlement. If the uranium would be used for non-violent objectives, why would the Iranian nation continue to deny this kind of deal? A powerful portion of the international community (including the United States) is still determined in finding a solution to guarantee that the uranium will be enriched for peaceful measures.
The delegation of Russia would like to call on the international community for cooperation between all Member Nations, and also stress the importance of Member Nations signing the NPT (take the hint Israel, India and Pakistan). Furthermore, the Russian delegation finds it imperative for all nations that have shown resistance, in any form, for IAEA inspections to occur in their territory, to allow such inspections to take place in order to guarantee international safe-being.
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PostSubject: Re: Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East   Tue Nov 09, 2010 8:24 pm

Delegates, here are some exemplifications of what occurs in the Israeli "checkpoints" that supposedly are meant for security:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EyVPSU1xtPM&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=btaFrlijmPw&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F0Y5tyzj2Lg&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tlAHae9xcUY&feature=related

Delegate of Israel, This is only one case of countless cases, in which Israeli soldiers find it amusing to slap Palestinians, make them take their clothes off, torture and humiliate them, irregardless of age or sex. Of situations in which Israeli children are taught since birth to HATE Muslims, to HATE Palestinians.

This is what threat really feels like. And it's not from our part, Delegate.
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PostSubject: Re: Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East   Tue Nov 09, 2010 8:30 pm

Delegate, although these violations of human rights are extremely saddening, the delegate of Russia would like to remind the Iranian delegate that comparing how threatening each nation is to one another will take us no where.
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PostSubject: Re: Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East   Tue Nov 09, 2010 8:38 pm

Very well stated, fellow delegate of Russia, we must stop trying to compare one's violence to another, and see who is most victimized. Although Russia is extremely sympathetic to the violations of basic human rights that have been occuring with Palestinians, the delegates do not see this as an excuse to violate the NPT (which, indeed, is the main topic in focus for this committee).
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PostSubject: Re: Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East   Tue Nov 09, 2010 10:16 pm

The delegate of Iran only brings this up because the Palestinians issues have been used against our country several times during this committee's discussions. Israel seems to believe that because they "feel threatened" they are allowed to use opacity to conceal their illegal weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear bombs, program. To this date the delegate of Israel has not pronounced on the case of Dimona.
As to the violation of the NPT, delegates of Russia, Iran would like to remind this Council yet again that the violations were not in fact violations, they were minor breaches that were corrected very soon, seen as in a GOV report by the director of the IAEA, he stated "all issues have been resolved" in the question of our nuclear program.
What we are questioning in this Council are the sanctions imposed ILLEGALLY upon us by the Members States, seeing that no hard proof has been made on our program (and will never be found, since we have no secret agenda to our program), and our violations, as it has been said several times, were not actually violations. It was a VERY rare non-consensus decision in which the sanctions were imposed, which raises the issue of legitimacy. Why is it that one simple delay of information on the Qom Plant (that was soon notified AND inspected), and the case of two inspectors who we refused because they had BREACHED the Safeguards Accords in previous inspections (the IAEA followed with two other inspectors and the inspection followed with no problems) is now suddenly this HUGE issue of violation and non-compliance? Until now, delegates have only said Iran has violated the NPT, but not stating when, where, or how. When they do, it's usually some ridiculous disacceptance that every country has committed because they are many things a sovereign nation has to worry about, and sometimes due dates are not the top priority, especially when the suspicious eyes are ambiguous and prejudiced.

Please review the facts, delegates. You all know Iran is right and is the victim here.
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Russia_VictoriaRotta
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PostSubject: Re: Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East   Tue Nov 09, 2010 11:39 pm

Esteemed Delegate of Iran;

First of all, the concept of victimizing a nation does not contribute in any manner to the resolution of the conflict at hand. And delegate, the "you know I am right" attitude displayed with your closing sentence adds no positive input to the sake of debate whatsoever, in fact, it is a pretty invalid argument.

Second, the delegate of Russia would like to restate that the concept of a sanction being illegal is completely invalid. It is only considered to be illegal by your nation since you are negatively affected by it (which is its point) and obviously is not at all in agreement with this. The most recent sanctions imposed by the UN with 12 votes for, 1 abstention and 2 votes against, was imposed due to Iran's lack of compliance with previous resolutions that had been passed, INCLUDING the one that states that Iran must cooperate with IAEA inspections. While the Iranian delegate seems to deem these irregularities as simple "delays", the delegate of Russia would like to clarify to facilitate the Iranian delegate's understanding and clarify the delegate's questioning.
Let's begin, shall we?
Besides the past violations which have occurred, such as Iran's failure to report that it had used 1.9kg of UF6 to test centrifuges at the Kalaye Electric Company in 1999 and 2002, reporting this only in 2003. (really delegate, a delay of four years to report this can be considered "simple?"), the U.S Ambassador to the IAEA stated October this year that "Iran remains in serious violation of its obligations.Iran refuses to provide the information and access necessary to address the IAEA's questions, not only with respect to the possible military dimensions to Iran's nuclear program, but also with Iran's ongoing expansion of its uranium enrichment programme". When a nation continues to not cooperate with the IAEA (as said in THIS YEAR'S IAEA REPORT!), it is in violation with the NPT.

Nevertheless, delegate, if your nation continues to assure the delegates here present that its nuclear power is for peaceful purposes only, the Russian delegation is not only disappointed, but also intrigued that Iran would deny enrichment of Uranium overseas, specifically to the Russian nation. This deal, which was supported by not only the U.S, as previously stated, but by France as well, would be an initial symbol of international cooperation. If the means are peaceful, why not accept the deal? Russia is extremely keen on debating this deal and negotiating with Russia, since we must find a solution (not simply sanctions) for this pending issue.

From Russia, with love.
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PostSubject: Re: Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East   Wed Nov 10, 2010 8:38 am

The point is not that it would take nearly 20 years to get a nuclear weapon program, its that it would require 100% of the GDP every year (I calculated it roughly by myself Wink There is no doubt about the intentions regarding the nuclear program. President Ahmadinejad February this year: "We believe that not only the Middle East but also the whole world should be free of nuclear weapons because we see such weapons as inhumane," He also declared that he is in fact experimenting with Polonium 210. There is no omission there, except for that of the American Media, which did not share either of these facts. If Iran wants to keep its uranium, its because it has the right to do that and doesn’t accept so much Western pressure. We cut the missile sales due to confusion. Missiles are missiles. We know there cannot be a peaceful purpose and we want to clear up on what’s going on with those missiles and why the president is so angry at our sales cut.
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PostSubject: Re: Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East   Wed Nov 10, 2010 9:25 am

Russia_Thales wrote:
If Iran wants to keep its uranium, its because it has the right to do that and doesn’t accept so much Western pressure. We cut the missile sales due to confusion. Missiles are missiles. We know there cannot be a peaceful purpose and we want to clear up on what’s going on with those missiles and why the president is so angry at our sales cut.

Precicesly. Due to the lack of cooperation of the Iranian government towards the international community, Russia found it imperative to assisst and guarantee international safe-being by not provinding such military material.

The delegate of Russia is confident in Iran's ability to once again reconsider the offer proposed by our nation in abroad enrichment of Uranium.
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PostSubject: Re: Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East   Wed Nov 10, 2010 10:34 pm

Delegate of Russia and all Member States,
As we're sure your nation is aware, Iran has been negotiating a nuclear program package with the five UN Security Council permanent members and Germany (G5+1) exactly on this case of suspending its own program; therefore, please don't mislead information as to seem that Iran refuses any sort of compromise. Quite contrary, it is precisely what we are seeking. We have stated that we WILL agree to suspend our program, and of course, it needn't be stated, since the fact that Iran took its time to review the package and to look for new rounds of negotiation in the future, perfectly proves our point. Our Foreign Ministry Spokesman, Ramin Mehmanparast, has called on the G5+1 to have "more interaction" with Iran before and during the upcoming nuclear talks for satisfactory results. However, the nuclear package presented lacked any real substance that would aid our economy. Iran would like to remind you and all member states that our economy depends very much on energy, and that our nuclear program would provide the demand for our increasing energy need. The "overseas" uranium proposed by several nations was WAY too short-limited and and weak for it to be seriously considered. We did review it, but in the end, Iran maintained its position – we have a right to nuclear energy, and unless the proposal supplements our needs, we will not accept it. We are NOT doing this out of greed, but because our people, our citizens, our civilians, need this energy. They need the economy to keep running because they need literacy, they need jobs, they need state protection. Our government cannot insure it if we 'bankrupt' because of lack of energy. We have to export too much because the sanctions imposed by this Council hurt us. And yes, we say illegal, because in almost every sanction decision it has to be made into a consensus, since the Security Council is a very small committee that decides, basically, many routes the world shall take. Mehmanparast suggested the G5+1 to have "more interaction" with Iran in order to reach a "serious agreement" with the country on its controversial nuclear issue. Yes, we do want international cooperation! Yes, we do want peaceful talks! But no, we will not stand the acts of prejudice committed against us, we will remain disgusted by the protectionism offered to other nations when they, in fact, have secret agendas and lie, (or omit, if that's the word you prefer) while we maintain transparency. The comments have been exaggerated, yes, Iran has delayed information, but it has reported it, and none of the delayed information shows ANY proof of harm that justifies the severity of the acts committed against us. You criticize our terms, but truthfully, we are standing by our people – YES, they are hurt, and YES, they feel victimized by a Western world that looks upon us with contempt. YES, we believe we are right in this case, because we are fighting for our sovereign rights as a country and civil rights for our people, while prejudice after prejudice attacks us on very lowly basis. Iran's image in the world is distorted by media.
We want peaceful talks, but we also want justice, delegates.
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PostSubject: Re: Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East   Mon Nov 15, 2010 9:36 pm

Yes, Pakistan would just like to add its opinion that although the sanctions are considered 'legal', they are unjust, and in the Charter of the United Nations, Chapter 1, Article 1 states, "2. To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace;
3. To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion;"

Delegates, this is simply remarking that all countries should have equal rights and human rights and strive for universal peace while solving its problems. But Iran is being subjected to prejudice, whether or not Russia believes so or not. Iran signed the NPT, showed many signs of cooperation, but only when Iran is trying to pursue nuclear power, which all countries retain the right, it is singled out and put under inspections and sanctions that seem to have no end. How is the United Nations to solve economic problems when the nuclear power that could help the cause is being scorned and prohibited? When the 'fundamental freedoms without disctintion as to race, sex, language, or religion' are being assaulted?

Pakistan is certain that Iran is only pursuing nuclear power, and hopefully all countries will see it before the damage to Iran is irreversible.
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PostSubject: Re: Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East   Mon Nov 15, 2010 11:03 pm

Pakistan_Andrea wrote:
How is the United Nations to solve economic problems when the nuclear power that could help the cause is being scorned and prohibited?

Thank you, delegate of Pakistan, for pointing out such an important issue. Iran is not the only country with a nuclear program that has sometimes failed to submit information to the appropriate deadline. THIS, we do not deny. But we would like to point out that although every delegate in this committee has been pointing out that "Iran has failed to comply with the NPT" "Iran has violated the agreements to the IAEA", no delegate has yet pointed out anything more grave than failing to report one plant (that has already been reported a long time ago, right after the IAEA pointed this out) – near Qom, and that some information has surpassed the deadline. So? All the information needed has already been given. As this delegate has mentioned, we have only done this out of fear of bigger nations that have threatened our sovereignty. We are developing so that we can save our hospitals, save our people, give them more food with the revenue that will come out of our program. Since when humanitarian causes have become crimes? And since when small infractions have delivered such heavy turn against as the sanctions imposed on us? On what basis does the SC stand to say our program should be halted because of minor dispensable factors when other nations has so many wronger doings? Why has the US pushed 3 rounds of sanctions against Iran and vetoed THIRTY TWO (!!!!!!) resolutions that condemned Israel for its ABSURD, DANGEROUS AND FATAL nuclear WEAPON program? Haven't the delegates researched DIMONA yet? Why are we even talking about Iran when we could actually try to save the world by taking care of infringing nations and saving ours that has been unjustly punished?

How is the United Nations to be for the international community if it is biased and manipulated? We are going back to the inefficient League of Nations, delegates. Beware – the next step taken, if we go along this process, is degeneration of global relations. We don't want to go there. Reflect on this.
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PostSubject: Re: Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East   Thu Nov 18, 2010 4:31 pm

Pakistan wishes to emphasize the corruption of the NPT. Not that a NPT 2.0 should be created, but just that some stale and unfair rules should be updated. Iran acuses the IAEA of a lack of "moral authority and credibility." Pakistan completely agrees. Why, delegates, it is fair for only the countries who possessed nuclear weapons when the NPT was created to be allowed nuclear weapons now. It gives no chance for change and productivity. Those countries endowed with this stolen right use their power to bully other nations, such as Iran and North Korea, and even Pakistan itself.

Iran did not allow inspectors in June to enter Iran because they were reporting misleading information. Their is too much Western influence in the agency for it to perform its duty correctly. Even the purpose, which is to eventually destroy all nuclear weapons has been breached, for some countries just use this privaledge to build up their arsenals. Who gave these countries the right? They did. And is not the purpose of the UN to promote equality. This is impossible whilst some countries are allowed nuclear weapons while some are allowed only nuclear energy, while some are being stripped of even THAT inalienable right!

It is a sad day when the organizations meant to help and guide us are the ones turning us against each other.
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PostSubject: Re: Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East   Thu Nov 18, 2010 6:39 pm

In a way the delegate agrees with Pakistan, while the NPT's goal is a positive one it is (at the moment) idealistic and unrealistic.... being that starting the 5 member states, they haven't complied with their responsibility of aiming towards disarmament and NOT providing other nations with WMDs. Israel belives that their is still hope, that the NPT will one day reach its purpose but we must start country by country, prioritizing the urgence of each situation....
It should have been ratified by the council for Iran and North Korea to follow the NPT requests.... we would be one step closer but unfortunately both of these nation's iron hand mandates didn't let this happen
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PostSubject: Re: Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East   Thu Nov 18, 2010 8:39 pm

Pakistan disagrees, that the NPT is flawed, not Iran or North Korea. The NPT has been corrupted to single out North Korea and Iran.
There have been too many mistakes, and it should be allowed to continue.
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